Dissociative anesthetics, also known as dissociatives or dissociative drugs, are a class of hallucinogens that can distort a person’s sense of time, vision, sound and self. Some of the common types of dissociative drugs include:
- Phencyclidine or PCP
- Dextromethorphan or DXM
- Salvia divinorum
Effects of dissociative drugs
Dissociative drugs cause people to feel detached, or dissociated from the world around them. Some of the other common effects of these drugs are:
- Changes in sensory perception
- Feelings of detachment
- Increase in blood pressure, heart rate, respiration
How dissociative drugs work?
Researchers have found that most dissociative drugs work by disrupting the neurotransmitter glutamate, a brain chemical responsible for activating various neurons. Salvia, meanwhile, works by activating certain opioid receptors in the brain. At higher dosages, dissociative drugs can harm the brain and may cause aggressive behavior, seizure, coma or even death. For this reason, signs of a dissociative overdose should be taken very seriously.
PCP, commonly known as angel dust, hog, wack and lovely, is a dissociative drug available in the form of white crystalline powder that dissolves quickly in water or alcohol.
Some of the common PCP overdose symptoms include:
- Violent behavior
- High blood pressure
- Uncontrolled movement
Withdrawal from PCP may lead to the following symptoms:
- Weight loss
- Memory problems
- Poor reflexes
Categorized as a dissociative anesthetic, ketamine is a powdered or liquid form of anesthetic which is generally used by doctors before surgery or procedures that do not require any sort of skeletal muscle relaxation. If overdosed, ketamine can lead to the following symptoms:
- Loss of motor coordination
- A trance-like state known as a K-hole
- Shortness of breath
- Impaired vision
- Muscle twitches
Ketamine withdrawal, although essential, can lead to the following symptoms:
- Slowed respiration and heart rate
Dextromethorphan, also known as ‘DXM’, ‘DM’ or ‘robo’, is a cough suppressant that has sedative, dissociative as well as stimulant properties. While it is possible to use this drug safely, its overdose can lead to the development of following symptoms such as:
- Muscle twitches
- Bluish fingernails and lips
- Trouble breathing
- Gut spasms
DXM withdrawal symptoms include:
Also known as ‘sage of the diviners’ or ‘seer’s sage,’ salvia is a type of psychoactive plant that can lead to a number of visual or spiritual experiences for individuals. Some of its common overdose symptoms include:
Salvia withdrawal symptoms include:
- Panic attacks
Treating addiction to dissociative drugs Dissociative anesthetics are a diverse group of substances. For this reason, individuals who are addicted to dissociative drugs may benefit from treatment programs that also includes a detoxification treatment geared specifically toward their drug of abuse. Enrolling in a comprehensive treatment program that includes customized dissociative drugs detox treatment may help one embrace a drug-free life. Only a well-planned detox program can help one withstand the withdrawal symptoms under a clinically controlled environment.
People who are addicted to dissociative anesthetics can fight their addiction through medication management, cognitive behavioral therapy, stress management therapy and other professionally administered treatments that are offered at some of the best dissociative drugs detox centers or some other state-of-the-art specialized centers.
Sovereign Health offers one of the best treatment programs to treat addiction to dissociative drugs. To know more about Sovereign Health’s treatment programs for addiction to dissociative anesthetic drugs, please contact our 24/7 helpline.