Bath Salts Drug Abuse and Addiction Treatment Centers California -

Bath Salts Addiction Treatment Centers

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Bath Salts

Artificially made versions of illegal drugs such as cocaine, methamphetamine, opiates, marijuana and LSD are called “new psychoactive substances” (NPS), commonly known as synthetic or designer drugs. “Bath salts” refers to a broad category of newly emerging drugs known as synthetic cathinones, which are designed to mimic stimulants.

Synthetic cathinones are sold as off-white, white, yellow or brown crystalline powder, or in tablets, capsules or a liquid form. Despite the dangers associated with ingesting, smoking, snorting or injecting products that contain synthetic cathinones, people across the country continue to engage in bath salts drug abuse.

People typically purchase synthetic cathinones sold under some of the following brand names:

  • Bath Salts
  • Flakka
  • Vanilla Sky
  • Scarface
  • Route 69
  • Rocky Mountain High
  • Lightening
  • Super Coke
  • Cotton Cloud
  • Cloud Nine
  • Mystic
  • Bloom
  • White
  • Lunar Wave

What Are Synthetic Cathinones?

Most commonly referred to as “bath salts” or “flakka,” synthetic cathinones are a broad category of drugs that have similar chemical structures to cathinone, a natural stimulant found in the khat plant (Catha edulis). This shrub grows in southern Arabia and East Africa, where people chew the leaves for its mild stimulant effects, reported the National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA). Synthetic cathinones work by increasing the activity of monoamine neurotransmitters, including dopamine, a brain chemical associated with addiction, pleasure and reward.

Bath Salts Side Effects

There are numerous dangers associated with ingesting, smoking, snorting, or injecting products that contain synthetic cathinones. As synthetic cathinones were created to mimic stimulant drugs, many of the short-term effects produce similar side effects as cocaine and other amphetamines, including increased heart rate and blood pressure, increased energy and agitation.

The Foundation for a Drug Free World reported that patients have experienced a number of side effects due to the use of bath salts, some of which pose significant risks to health. Some of the common bath salts symptoms include:

  • Nosebleeds
  • Headaches
  • Sweating
  • Nausea or vomiting
  • Dizziness
  • Muscle cramps or tension
  • Skin rashes
  • Ear ringing or buzzing
  • Excessive teeth grinding
  • Increased sociability
  • Increased sex drive
  • Paranoia
  • Anxiety
  • Depression
  • Nightmares
  • Panic attacks
  • Extreme agitation
  • Violent behavior
  • Hallucinations
  • Chest pain
  • Kidney fatigue
  • Dehydration
  • Seizures
  • Psychosis
  • Violent behaviors
  • Hallucinations
  • Suicide/Suicidal thoughts

Dangers Of Bath Salts

Some derivatives of bath salts that contain 3,4-methylenedioxypyrovalerone, or MDPV, have at least 10 times the potency as cocaine, which increases a person’s risk for abuse, addiction and serious adverse effects, according to a recent study by Michael Baumann, Ph.D., a staff scientist in the Medicinal Chemistry Section at the NIDA, and his colleagues. Emergency room visits due to bath salts are often attributed to MDPV, according to a January 2016 article called, “Drug Facts: Synthetic Cathinones (“Bath Salts”),” by the NIDA.

Bath Salts Drug Abuse

Bath salts have the potential to produce greater side effects compared to natural cathinones People who abuse synthetic cathinones by taking high doses or who repeatedly take the drug can experience serious and life-threatening medical problems. The hospitalizations and emergency room visits due to bath salts abuse increased substantially over the past decade.

Some of the long-term major health consequences that result from bath salts abuse include:

  • Tachycardia
  • Hypertension
  • Heat-related illnesses (hyperthermia)
  • Heart attacks
  • Kidney damage/failure
  • Brainstem herniation (pressure inside the skull)
  • Skeletal muscle tissue breakdown
  • Death

Bath Salts Addiction

Synthetic products derived from cathinones are considered to be stronger, more dangerous and highly addictive. Addiction to bath salts can also produce strong drug cravings and withdrawal symptoms in users. Some of the common withdrawal symptoms experienced by people who abuse bath salts include:

  • Sleep problems
  • Anxiety
  • Paranoia
  • Depression
  • Drug cravings
  • Tremors

Bath Salts Treatment

Sovereign Health of California provides comprehensive behavioral health treatment programs for individuals with bath salts abuse and addiction, as well as other substance use disorders. Patients can also receive comprehensive programs for the treatment of mental disorders and co-occurring disorders.

Upon admissions, patients receive thorough medical and biopsychosocial assessments to diagnose and treat the primary and any co-occurring conditions as well as tailor their treatment to their specific needs. Our holistic treatment approach ensures that patients receive individualized treatment plans that are specific to each person’s needs.

All patients receive a combination of individual, group and family therapy. As part of our comprehensive programs, we offer nutritionally assisted detoxification (NAD) as well as evidence-based treatments such as cognitive behavior therapy (CBT), experiential activities and outings, and complementary therapies such as equine therapy, neurofeedback and transcranial magnetic stimulation.

For more information about Sovereign Health of California’s treatment of bath salts abuse and addiction, please contact our 24/7 helpline to speak to a member of our admissions team.

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